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Journal Articles Geophysical Journal International Year : 2004

Modelling low-frequency volcanic earthquakes in a viscoelastic medium with topography

Abstract

Magmaproperties are fundamental to explain the volcanic eruption style as well as the generation and propagation of seismic waves. This study focusses on magma properties and rheology and their impact on low-frequency volcanic earthquakes. We investigate the effects of anelasticity and topography on the amplitudes and spectra of synthetic low-frequency earthquakes. Using a 2-D finite-difference scheme, we model the propagation of seismic energy initiated in a fluid-filled conduit embedded in a homogeneous viscoelastic medium with topography. We model intrinsic attenuation by linear viscoelastic theory and we show that volcanic media can be approximated by a standard linear solid (SLS) for seismic frequencies above 2 Hz. Results demonstrate that attenuation modifies both amplitudes and dispersive characteristics of low-frequency earthquakes. Low frequency volcanic earthquakes are dispersive by nature; however, if attenuation is introduced, their dispersion characteristics will be altered. The topography modifies the amplitudes, depending on the position of the seismographs at the surface. This study shows that we need to take into account attenuation and topography to interpret correctly observed low-frequency volcanic earthquakes. It also suggests that the rheological properties of magmas may be constrained by the analysis of low-frequency seismograms.
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Dates and versions

hal-03794504 , version 1 (03-10-2022)

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Philippe Jousset, Jürgen Neuberg, Arthur Jolly. Modelling low-frequency volcanic earthquakes in a viscoelastic medium with topography. Geophysical Journal International, 2004, 159 (2), pp.776-802. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-246X.2004.02411.x⟩. ⟨hal-03794504⟩

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