Thermodynamic properties of solutions in metastable systems under negative or positive pressures - BRGM - Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières Access content directly
Journal Articles Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Year : 2003

Thermodynamic properties of solutions in metastable systems under negative or positive pressures

Abstract

Metastable systems are created when the interface between the atmosphere (in which Patm = 1 bar) and water forms a spherical meniscus either concave toward the air (water filling capillaries, wherein Pwater < Patm) or convex toward the air (fog water droplet, wherein Pwater > Patm). Soil water, undergoing negative pressure (“capillary potential”) remains bound to the solid matrix (instead of flowing downward) by the capillary meniscus, concave toward the undersaturated dry atmosphere. The positive counterpart of tensile water in soils is the pressurized water contained in fine droplets suspended in oversaturated humid air, as in clouds. All these systems are anisobaric domains the phases of which have different pressures. Geochemical consequences of such characteristics are assessed here by calculating the consequences of the positive or negative water potential on the equilibrium constants of reactions taking place in stretched or pressurized aqueous solutions. Thermodynamic properties of aqueous species are obtained by using the TH model, used explicitly for positive pressures but extrapolated to negative ones for soil solutions. It appears that soil water dissolves gases, offering an alternative explanation of the observed enrichment of atmospheric noble gases in groundwater and of carbonic gas in the unsaturated zone below the root zone. Water droplets obviously show the opposite behavior, that is, a decreasing dissolutive capability with decreasing droplet size (water pressure increases), inducing some climatic consequences. An application of this approach to the solid-solution equilibria is performed by comparing experimental solubility of amorphous silica in unsaturated media on the one hand, to theoretical calculations taking account of the negative water pressure on the other hand. This comparison outlines the potential complexity of anisobaric situations in nature and the necessity to develop a suitable approach for solid pressure.

Domains

Earth Sciences

Dates and versions

hal-04083613 , version 1 (27-04-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Lionel Mercury, Mohamed Azaroual, Hermann Zeyen, Yves Tardy. Thermodynamic properties of solutions in metastable systems under negative or positive pressures. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2003, 67 (10), pp.1769-1785. ⟨10.1016/S0016-7037(02)01406-0⟩. ⟨hal-04083613⟩
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