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Journal Articles Groundwater Year : 2003

Localization of Saturated Karst Aquifer with Magnetic Resonance Sounding and Resistivity Imagery

Abstract

To answer one of the main questions of hydrogeologists implementing boreholes or working on pollution questions in a karst environment—i.e., where is the ground water?—numerous tools including geophysics are used. However, the contribution of geophysics differs from one method to the other. The magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) method has the advantage of direct detection of ground water over other geophysical methods. Eight MRSs were implemented over a known karst conduit explored and mapped by speleologists to estimate the MRS ability to localize ground water. Two direct current resistivity imageries (DC-2D imagery) were also implemented to check their capability to map a known cave. We found that the MRS is a useful tool to locate ground water in karst as soon as the quantity of water is enough to be detected. The threshold quantity is a function of depth and it was estimated by forward modeling to propose a support graph to hydrogeologists. The measured MRS's signals could be used to calculate transmissivity and permeability estimators. These estimators were used to map and to draw a cross section of the case study site, which underline accurately the known karst conduit location and depth. We also found that the DC-2D imagery could underline the karst structures: It was able to detect the known cave through its associated faults. We prepared a computer simulation to check the depth of such a cave to induce resistivity anomaly which could be measured in similar conditions.

Domains

Earth Sciences

Dates and versions

hal-04082481 , version 1 (26-04-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

J.M. Vouillamoz, A. Legchenko, Y. Albouy, M. Bakalowicz, Jean-Michel Baltassat, et al.. Localization of Saturated Karst Aquifer with Magnetic Resonance Sounding and Resistivity Imagery. Groundwater, 2003, 41 (5), pp.578-586. ⟨10.1111/j.1745-6584.2003.tb02396.x⟩. ⟨hal-04082481⟩

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