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Journal Articles Waste Management Year : 2022

Selective separation of plastic LED lamp components using electrodynamic fragmentation for material recovery

Abstract

The recycling of light-emitting diode (LED) lamps and tubes is becoming increasingly important due to their growing market share as energy-efficient lighting technology. Here we report on the use of high voltage electric-pulse fragmentation to recover elementary components such as LED chips and printed circuit boards (drivers). E27 LED lamps with plastic bulbs, which represent 48% of deposits collected by a French company, are used as a case study. More than 150 lamps were tested on a laboratory reactor for electrodynamic fragmentation. The technological process in which highly energetic electrical pulses were applied to materials immersed in water was studied in order to separate the components of the LED lamps using a minimal specific energy. The estimated energy necessary to achieve total separation assessed at 64%, without grinding pretreatment, was 5.2 ± 0.6 kWh per ton, representing a mass recycling rate of 74%. Based on the disassembled material, the commercial value of the recovered materials was thus estimated. Gold, as the most representative material, was found to represent 0.03% of the mass fraction for 83.6% of the total commercial value. The process disassembling capacity is a key issue to increase the recycling rate of current LED lamps and tubes.

Dates and versions

hal-03689320 , version 1 (07-06-2022)

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Lotfi Benmamas, Youcef Bouzidi, Guy Houset, Komla Nomenyo, Kathy Bru, et al.. Selective separation of plastic LED lamp components using electrodynamic fragmentation for material recovery. Waste Management, 2022, 144, pp.210-220. ⟨10.1016/j.wasman.2022.03.024⟩. ⟨hal-03689320⟩
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