Influence of hydropower dams on the composition of the suspended and riverbank sediments in the Danube - BRGM - Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Pollution Year : 2007

Influence of hydropower dams on the composition of the suspended and riverbank sediments in the Danube

Abstract

Large hydropower dams have major impacts on flow regime, sediment transport and the characteristics of water and sediment in downstream rivers. The Gabcikovo and Iron Gate dams divide the studied Danube transect (rkm 1895–795) into three parts. In the Gabcikovo Reservoir (length of 40 km) only a part of the incoming suspended sediments were deposited. Contrary to this, in the much larger Iron Gate backwater zone and reservoir (length of 310 km) all riverine suspended sediments were deposited within the reservoir. Subsequently, suspended sediments were transported by tributaries into the Iron Gate backwater zone. Here they were modified by fractional sedimentation before they transgressed downstream via the dams. Compared with undammed Danube sections, Iron Gate reservoir sediment and suspended matter showed higher clay contents and different K/Ga and Metal/Ga ratios. These findings emphasize the importance of reservoir–river sediment-fractionation.
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Dates and versions

hal-03644538 , version 1 (19-04-2022)

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Gerard Klaver, Bertil van Os, Philippe Négrel, Emmanuelle Petelet-Giraud. Influence of hydropower dams on the composition of the suspended and riverbank sediments in the Danube. Environmental Pollution, 2007, 148 (3), pp.718-728. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.037⟩. ⟨hal-03644538⟩

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