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Conference Papers Year : 2017

An Urban Geochemical Database for Contaminated Land Management


n February 2007, new approaches of management were proposed by the French Ministery for Sustainable Development to the various actors involved in “(potentially) contaminated land management”. They describe the stages of management of a (potentially) contaminated site: the diagnosis identifies and locates pollution, the management plan sets objectives of rehabilitation, the residual risks assessment verifies the accuracy of the selected management option, the Media Quality Assessment (MQA) (Interpretation de l'Etat des Milieux, IEM) verifies the impacts out of the site. During these approaches, the interpretation of the data collected from the field necessarily causes the comparison of the analyses and measurements with reference values. Thus, the approach of MQA is based on the risk management policy conducted by the public authorities for the French population. It results in comparing the state of the investigated mediums with: • Natural environment close to the zone of investigation; • Regulatory management values set by the public authorities. Indeed, the public authorities fix sanitary values which regulate air quality as well as water and food. Therefore, these values naturally serve as references. However, the soil is not the object of a specific regulation and no regulatory reference value exists in France for this medium. A soil is considered free from pollution since its characteristics are coherent with the local natural geochemical background. This is why, the approach results in comparing the state of the investigated soil with the state of the natural soils close to the zone of investigation. With this intention, the knowledge of the natural geochemical background, in particular of the local geochemical anomalies, is essential. Moreover, the characterization of pollution is important to distinguish if it implies the site or not. However, the industrial sites are more often gathered in industrial and urban areas where an anthropic geochemical background is superimposed to the natural geochemical background. It then becomes necessary to compare data collected on the investigated site with this anthropized pedological and geochemical background. In order to support the various actors implied in the management of (potentially) contaminated land, it was thus proposed to carry out a database of analyses of soils from urban and industrialized environment on the whole French territory. The project “Diagnoses of the soils in the places hosting children or teenagers” implemented by the French ministry for Sustainable development, was the occasion of launching an operation of sampling and analyses of urban soils at the level of the national territory. The collection of analyses during this operation constitutes the heart of the project “Geochemical Database on Urban Soils and Subsoils (BDSolU) conducted by BRGM and funded by ADEME. Soils analyzes include inorganic trace elements, mercury, cyanides, phenol index, HC C10-C40, PAH, PCB and PCDD/PCDF... This presentation points out the building of the database and describes the difficulties encountered.
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Dates and versions

hal-01535158 , version 1 (08-06-2017)


  • HAL Id : hal-01535158 , version 1


Jean-François Brunet, Hélène Roussel, Etienne Taffoureau, Cécile Le Guern. An Urban Geochemical Database for Contaminated Land Management. AQUACONSOIL 2017, Jun 2017, LYON, France. ⟨hal-01535158⟩
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