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Journal Articles Geoarabia Year : 2014

Cambrian stratigraphy of Jordan

Abstract

The lower and middle Cambrian succession (Ram Group) in Jordan is described in lexicon-style format to document an important phase of Earth history following the uplift and erosion of the Arabian-Nubian Shield (Aqaba Complex) during the late Neoproterozoic, and younger, but more localised, intrusive and volcanic! volcaniclastic activity that formed the Araba Complex. The early Cambrian Ram Unconformity (ca. 530 Ma) marks the base of a predominantly fluvial siliciclastic succession derived from rapidly eroding Neoproterozoic (including Ediacaran) basement rocks, but includes a brief, but biostratigraphically significant, sequence of marine siliciclastics and carbonates, the early mid-Cambrian Burj Formation. Rapid uplift and erosion of the granitoid basement (Arabian-Nubian Shield or ANS) resulted in a peneplanation of the Aqaba Complex over millions of years duration (latest Neoproterozoic to Cambrian) in the Southern Desert of Jordan. Early Cambrian pebbly sandstones and locally derived conglomerates (Salib Formation) were deposited on an alluvial plain by high velocity-high discharge, northward flowing (NNE to NNW) braided rivers, characterised by trough crossbedding and erosive tabular sets. Brief, and rare, marine influence is represented, locally, by thin Skolithos-burrowed sandstones.

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Earth Sciences
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Dates and versions

hal-01172731 , version 1 (07-07-2015)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01172731 , version 1

Cite

John H. Powell, Abdulkader M Abed, Yves-Michel Le Nindre, John H Powell. Cambrian stratigraphy of Jordan. Geoarabia, 2014, 19 (3), pp.81-134. ⟨hal-01172731⟩

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