Non-linear site response simulations in Chang-Hwa region during the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan. - BRGM - Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières Access content directly
Journal Articles Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering Year : 2006

Non-linear site response simulations in Chang-Hwa region during the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan.

Abstract

The destructive 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake (Mw 7.5) was the largest inland earthquake in Taiwan in the 20th century. Several observations witness the non-linear seismic soil response in sediments during the earthquake. In fact, large settlements as well as evidence of liquefaction attested by sand boils and unusual wet ground surface were observed at some sites. In this paper, we present a seismic response simulation performed with CyberQuake software on a site located within the Chang-Hwa Coastal Industrial Park during the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan. A non-linear multi-kinematic dynamic constitutive model is implemented in the software. Computed NS, EW and UP ground accelerations obtained with this model under undrained and two-phase assumptions, are in good agreement with the corresponding accelerations recorded at seismic station TCU117, either for peak location, amplitudes or frequency content. In these simulations, liquefaction occurs between depths 1.3 and 11.3m, which correspond to the observed range attested by in place penetration tests and other liquefaction analyses. Moreover, the computed shear wave velocity profile is very close to post-earthquake shear wave velocity profile derived from correlations with CPT and SPT data. Finally, it is shown that in non-linear computations, even though a 1D geometry is considered, it is necessary to take into account the three components of the input motion.

Dates and versions

hal-00997022 , version 1 (27-05-2014)

Identifiers

Cite

Séverine Bernardie, Evelyne Foerster, Hormoz Modaressi. Non-linear site response simulations in Chang-Hwa region during the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan.. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 2006, 26 (11), pp.1038-1048. ⟨10.1016/j.soildyn.2006.02.004⟩. ⟨hal-00997022⟩

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