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Journal Articles Renewable Energy Year : 2011

Assessment of biogaspotentialhazards


Biogas produced from anaerobic fermentation of organic substances represents an alternative renewable energy source. Its utilization would contribute to substantial reduction of the solid waste volume in land-filling and incineration. Biogas so produced could be utilized on site or it could be injected into the natural gas distribution network. Microbiological and chemical compositions of different biogas types were determined in order to conduct qualitative and quantitative risk assessments of the potential health hazards associated with biogas use for cooking. Biogas types that could be allowed for injection in the natural gas pipelines were listed with recommendations, while outlining the European biogas injection policy. Results indicated that the injection of the processed biogas in the distribution network did not present any additional chemical or microbiological risk to consumers when compared to natural gas, provided that the biogas resulted from the fermentation of non-dangerous waste. However, since this study did not examine the microbiological and chemical composition of biogas originating from wastewater sludges and/or industrial wastes, the injection of this type of biogas into the gas distribution network should not be allowed unless a similar risk evaluation study is conducted for each case.

Dates and versions

hal-00681299 , version 1 (21-03-2012)



Ghinwa M. Naja, René Alary, Philippe Bajeat, Gaël Bellenfant, Jean Jacques Godon, et al.. Assessment of biogaspotentialhazards. Renewable Energy, 2011, 36 (12), pp.3445-3451. ⟨10.1016/j.renene.2011.05.025⟩. ⟨hal-00681299⟩
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