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Journal Articles Waste Management Year : 2006

Cement/clay interactions - A review: Experiments, natural analogues, and modeling

Philippe Blanc

Abstract

The concept of storing radioactive waste in geological formations calls for large quantities of concrete that will be in contact with the clay material of the engineered barriers as well as with the geological formation. France, Switzerland and Belgium are studying the option of clayey geological formations. The clay and cement media have very contrasted chemistries that will interact and lead to a degradation of both types of material. The purpose of this review is to establish an exhaustive list of laboratory experiments so as to identify the reaction sequences in the evolution of both the clay minerals and accessory minerals during their alteration in an alkaline environment. We review the data on clay dissolution kinetics in this environment, and include an invaluable study of natural analogues that allow one to correlate the phenomena in time. The available data and experiments make it possible to construct predictive numerical models. However, as the quality of the data is inhomogeneous, we recommend a continuation of the thermodynamic and kinetic data acquisition. It is obvious that the numerical modeling of the alkaline disturbance will be more relevant if it can combine the advantages of the different detailed models: mineralogical completeness, combined modeling of the clay and cement media, evolution of the porosity, consideration of the pCO(2) and all the surface reactions.
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Dates and versions

hal-00664858 , version 1 (31-01-2012)

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Eric C. Gaucher, Philippe Blanc. Cement/clay interactions - A review: Experiments, natural analogues, and modeling. Waste Management, 2006, 26, pp.776-788. ⟨10.1016/j.wasman.2006.01.027⟩. ⟨hal-00664858⟩

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