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Journal Articles Waste Management Year : 2008

Multiple-scale dynamic leaching of a municipal solid waste incineration ash

Abstract

Predicting the impact on the subsurface and groundwater, of a pollutant source such as municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration ash, requires a knowledge of the so-called "source term". The source term describes the manner in which concentrations in dissolved elements in water percolating through waste evolve over time, for a given percolation scenario (infiltration rate, waste source dimensions, etc.). If the source term is known, it can be coupled with a model that simulates the fate and transport of dissolved constituents in the environment of the waste (in particular in groundwater), in order to calculate potential exposures or impacts. The standardized laboratory upward-flow percolation test is generally considered as a relevant test for helping to define the source term for granular waste. The LIMULE project (Multiple-Scale Leaching) examined to what extent this test, performed in very specific conditions, could help predict the behaviour of waste at other scales and for other conditions of percolation. Three distinct scales of percolation were tested: a laboratory upward-flow percolation column (30 cm), lysimeter cells (1-2 m) and a large column (5 m) instrumented at different depths. Comparison between concentration data collected from the different experiments suggests that for some non-reactive constituents (Cl, Na, K, etc), the liquid versus solid ratio (L/S) provides a reasonable means of extrapolating from one scale to another: if concentration data are plotted versus this ratio, the curves coincide quite well. On the other hand, for reactive elements such as chromium and aluminium, which are linked by redox reactions, the L/S ratio does not provide a means of extrapolation, due in particular to kinetic control on reactions. Hence extrapolation with the help of coupled chemistry-transport modelling is proposed.
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Dates and versions

hal-00656672 , version 1 (04-01-2012)

Identifiers

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Dominique Guyonnet, Françoise Bodénan, G. Brons-Laot, André Burnol, Laurent Chateau, et al.. Multiple-scale dynamic leaching of a municipal solid waste incineration ash. Waste Management, 2008, 28 (10), pp.1963-1976. ⟨10.1016/j.wasman.2007.07.007⟩. ⟨hal-00656672⟩
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