Hydraulic and thermal impact modelling at the scale of the geothermal heating doublet in the Paris Basin, France - BRGM - Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2011

Hydraulic and thermal impact modelling at the scale of the geothermal heating doublet in the Paris Basin, France

Pierre Ungemach
  • Function : Author
Miklos Antics
  • Function : Author
Jean Yves Ausseur
  • Function : Author
Elisabeth Cordier
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  • PersonId : 899308
Elodie Giuglaris
  • Function : Author
Patrick Goblet
Pierre Lalos
  • Function : Author


The Paris Basin is extensively developed for the geothermal district heating (GDH) of approximately 150 000 dwellings. As of late 2010, thirty four GDH systems apply the doublet concept in the Paris suburban area and mine the heat of the Dogger reservoir, a limestone formation of Mid-Jurassic age at depths ranging from 1500 to 2000 m. As the brine is fully reinjected, cold water bodies progressively invade the reservoir around injector wells inducing both thermal and hydraulic interactions at the doublet scale. The premature production well cooling and the sustainable development of the resource highlight two critical parameters, the thermal breakthrough time (tB) and the extent of the cooled fluid bubble(S) respectively. First, a set of benchtest simulations was launched to compare the sensitivities of tB and S parameters to selected reservoir conceptual model typologies. These simulations were applied on a GDH doublet undergoing a suspected thermal breakthrough. Five reservoir modelling teams validated their “in house” simulations by (i) checking an analytical (Gringarten-Sauty, 1979) solution, and (ii) testing three candidate reservoir structures on the doublet considered remotely located (i.e. not interfering with nearby exploitations) for a first step. The outcome resulted in a rewarding insight into the variability of simulation outputs. An additional segment will enable the actors to compare their modelling expertise on the same doublet considered in interaction with the other GDH operations located in its environment. Second, BRGM carried out a survey towards various rehabilitation schemes (a new doublet or a triplet) and their contribution toward sustainability standards. From a hypothetical, twenty five year life, doublet simulation, an initial hydraulic/temperature field was derived. Then, several new well locations were simulated and isotherms, alongside production well cooling kinetics, compared accordingly. A two-stage rehabilitation scheme, i.e. triplet then a new doublet, seems to reconcile the resource longevity and the economic demand. Further work is required to compare the different designs with a method integrating both the impact of the geothermal exploitation on the resource and the lifetime of the exploitation in a single mathematical factor.
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Dates and versions

hal-00566284 , version 1 (15-02-2011)
hal-00566284 , version 2 (15-02-2011)


  • HAL Id : hal-00566284 , version 2


Morgane Le Brun, Virginie Hamm, Simon Lopez, Pierre Ungemach, Miklos Antics, et al.. Hydraulic and thermal impact modelling at the scale of the geothermal heating doublet in the Paris Basin, France. 36th Stanford Geothermal Workshop, Jan 2011, Stanford, United States. pp.403-416. ⟨hal-00566284v2⟩
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