Combination of Numerical Tools to Link Deep Temperatures, Geological Structures and Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins: Application to the Thermal Anomalies of the Provence Basin (South-East France) - BRGM - Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2010

Combination of Numerical Tools to Link Deep Temperatures, Geological Structures and Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins: Application to the Thermal Anomalies of the Provence Basin (South-East France)

Abstract

In the Provence basin, south-eastern France, more than 230 Bottom Hole Temperature (BHT) data have been compiled and corrected for transient disturbances to provide a thermal model of this Mesozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary basin. The thermal gradient of the area averages 29.9°C/km (32.5°C/km in all France), but some places show gradients reaching 36°C/km or 22°C/km. To characterize thermal anomalies, a three-dimensional model of the temperatures was built between the surface and 5km depth, allowing us to elaborate sets of thermal maps and cross-sections. The newly identified temperature anomalies may reach temperature difference up to 40°C at 3km depth through the basin. After attempting to find correlations between thermal anomalies and large scale features (Moho depths, sediment cover thickness), it appears that fluid circulation may better explain locations, amplitudes and wavelengths of thermal anomalies along faulted zones. In fact, spatial evolution of anomalous cold/warm zones follow directions of main faulted zones. In addition, it is shown that the account of a depth-dependent permeability allows the superimposition of positive and negative thermal anomalies. Away from permeable zones, thermal anomalies should be explained by conductive processes, among which heat refraction due to thermal conductivity contrasts may be significant. In particular, anisotropy of thermal conductivity of clayey formation is shown to enable the development of thermal anomalies similar to those observed between permeable zones. Evolution of fluid circulation in faulted zones (involving enhanced vertical heat transfer) combined with thick anisotropic sediments (involving enhanced horizontal heat transfer) may explain complex thermal patterns deduced from present-day temperature measurements.
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Dates and versions

hal-00496212 , version 1 (29-06-2010)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00496212 , version 1

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Cynthia Garibaldi, Laurent Guillou-Frottier, Jean-Marc Lardeaux, Vincent Bouchot. Combination of Numerical Tools to Link Deep Temperatures, Geological Structures and Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins: Application to the Thermal Anomalies of the Provence Basin (South-East France). World Geothermal Congress 2010, Apr 2010, Bali, Indonesia. 7 p. ⟨hal-00496212⟩
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