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Journal Articles Applied Geochemistry Year : 2011

Biogeochemical processes in a clay formation in situ experiment: Part F - Reactive transport modelling

Abstract

Reactive transport modelling was used to simulate solute transport, thermodynamic reactions, ion exchange and biodegradation in the Porewater Chemistry (PC) experiment at the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory. Simulations show that the most important chemical processes controlling the fluid composition within the borehole and the surrounding formation during the experiment are ion exchange, biodegradation and dissolution/precipitation reactions involving pyrite and carbonate minerals. In contrast, thermodynamic mineral dissolution/precipitation reactions involving alumo-silicate minerals have little impact on the fluid composition in the time-scale of the experiment. With the accurate description of the initial chemical condition in the formation in combination with kinetic formulations describing the different stages of bacterial activities, we succeeded in reproducing the evolution of important system parameters, such as the pH, redox potential, total organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon and sulphate concentration. Leaching of glycerol from the pH-electrode may be the primary source of organic material that initiated bacterial growth, which caused the chemical perturbation in the borehole. Results from these simulations are consistent with data from the over-coring and demonstrate that the Opalinus Clay has a high buffering capacity in terms of chemical perturbations caused by bacterial activity. This buffering capacity can be attributed to the carbonate system as well as to the reactivity of clay surfaces.
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Dates and versions

hal-00597122 , version 1 (31-05-2011)

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Christophe Tournassat, Peter Alt-Epping, Eric C. Gaucher, Thomas Gimmi, O.X. Leupin, et al.. Biogeochemical processes in a clay formation in situ experiment: Part F - Reactive transport modelling. Applied Geochemistry, 2011, 26, pp.1009-1022. ⟨10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.009⟩. ⟨hal-00597122⟩

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