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Conference Papers Year : 2018

How Geological Architecture Helps 3D Modelling


3D Geological modelling aims at representing the geology of the subsurface in 3 dimensions. Building a 3D geological model is not only pushing data through a code to obtain a representation of the geology. Two kinds of knowledge are mainly used to complete a geological model. The first one is explicit and consists in the data that constrain the model. The other one is generally implicit and consists in the geological knowledge that is used – sometimes unconsciously– by the person(s) in charge of completing the model. This knowledge is essential to drive the interpretation supporting the model. The geological knowledge can be seen as an architecture underlying the 3D model. This geological architecture is derived from data, observations, interpretations, and experience. It needs to be compatible with the data but the same geological architecture may apply to various sets of data. Then, a 3D model is a geometrical realization of the topology represented by the geological architecture. Formalizing such relations between geological structures and bodies is a way to conceptualize, to store, and to retrieve the geological knowledge. It is also a tool for the automation of the 3D model computation (Calcagno et al., 2008; Perrin and Rainaud, 2013). In that case, the geometry of the modelled structures can be generated using the data and the rules of the geological architecture. The presentation will demonstrate how the geological architecture can be set up to represent various geological contexts. Finally, the pertinence of storing 3D model, data, and geological architecture will be debated. Calcagno, P., Courrioux, G., Guillen, A., Chilès, J.P. (2008). Geological modelling from field data and geological knowledge, Part I – Modelling method coupling 3D potential-field interpolation and geological rules, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 171, 147–157. Perrin, M., and Rainaud, J.-F. (2013). Shared Earth Modeling: Knowledge Driven Solutions for Building and Managing Subsurface 3D Geological Models. Publisher: Technip, Paris, ISBN 978-2-7108-1002-5.


Applied geology
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hal-01710045 , version 1 (15-02-2018)


  • HAL Id : hal-01710045 , version 1


Philippe Calcagno, Gabriel Courrioux, Simon Lopez, Bernard Bourgine. How Geological Architecture Helps 3D Modelling. 4th meeting of the European 3D GeoModelling Community, Feb 2018, Orleans, France. ⟨hal-01710045⟩


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